1 edition of Environmental effects of western coal surface mining. found in the catalog.
Environmental effects of western coal surface mining.
by Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service in Duluth, Springfield, Va
Written in English
|Other titles||Age and growth of walleyes and saugers in the Tongue River reservoir, Montana, 1975-77., Smallmouth bass and largemouth bass in the Tongue River reservoir, Montana, 1975-76., Microbial effect on the quality of leach water from eastern Montana coal mine spoils., Fish distribution in Trout Creek, Colorado, 1975-1976.|
|Series||Research reporting series -- EPA-600/3-80-038, EPA-600/3-80-045, EPA-600/3-80-046, EPA-600/3-80-070.|
|Contributions||Riggs, Victor L., Gregory, Richard W., Penkal, Russell F., Kimble, Patrick F., Temple, Kenneth Loren, 1918-, Goettl, John P., Edde, Jerry W., Environmental Research Laboratory (Duluth, Minn.).|
|The Physical Object|
Western Coal Basins The large mining operations of western coal basins have a long period of coal extraction often lasting for a decade or more, and they occupy large areas relative to most eastern mines. ~ ~ The aquifer systems in western coal basins can be extensive, and several different aquifers, with differing recharge areas, may. All surface-mined land today is reclaimed equal to or better than it was prior to mining. Kentucky mining companies have received 25 national reclamation awards from thru for outstanding achievement in surface mining. Coal mining creates valuable lands such as wildlife habitats, gently rolling mountain-.
Room and Pillar Mining is Safe, Efficient & Environmentally Friendly. Room and pillar mining is a non-subsidence plan for a mine, preserving the precious farmland is among the safest and one of the most ecologically-friendly approaches to mining coal today, creating a non-subsidence environment (no movement of land) and maintaining clean water standards. Coal Mining in Pennsylvania PA Mining History. Room-and-pillar mines have been active in Pennsylvania's bituminous coalfields since the lates. Bituminous coal was first mined in Pennsylvania at "Coal Hill" (Mount Washington), just across .
Regulations require minimizing environmental impacts on land and water channels, but a study by the University of Maryland and other institutions, “Mountaintop Mining Consequences,” shows that the long-term impacts of mountaintop mining are significant and not easily reversed. ADVERTISEMENTS: The Impact of Surface and Coal Mining on Environment! Surface mining often leads to acid mine -drainage and silt run off which degrades quality of water. Acid mine drainage is an important source of increased acidity in natural waters. Its main constituents are sulphuric acid and iron compounds formed as a result of water, [ ].
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EPA/ December ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF WESTERN COAL SURFACE MINING Part I - The Limnology and Biota of Mine Spoils Ponds in Northwest Colorado by Steven P. Canton and James V. Ward Department of Zoology and Entomology Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Grant No.
R Project Officer Donald I. Mount. Layers of rock and dirt above and between the coal seams are removed. Coal seams are removed with excess soil and rock placed in an adjacent valley.
Large scale earth moving equipment is used to excavate and remove coal from lower layers. The equipment used depends on the method and scale of the surface mining method being employed.
Environmental effects of western coal surface mining. Duluth, Minn.: Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Research Laboratory ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication.
Environmental effects of western coal surface mining. Part III, The water quality of Trout Creek, Colorado. Duluth, Minn.: Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: Available through the National Technical Information Service,  (OCoLC) Environmental effects of western coal surface mining.
Duluth: Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type. EPA/ May ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF WESTERN COAL SURFACE MINING PART VII - MICROBIAL EFFECT ON THE QUALITY OF LEACH WATER FROM EASTERN MONTANA COAL MINE SPOILS by Patrick F.
Kimble and Kenneth L. Temple Department of Microbiology Montana State University Bozeman, Montana Grant No. R Project Officer Donald I.
Mount Environmental. Environmental effects of western coal surface mining. book The environmental impact of the coal industry includes issues such as land use, waste management, water and air pollution, caused by the coal mining, processing and the use of its addition to atmospheric pollution, coal burning produces hundreds of millions of tons of solid waste products annually, including fly ash, bottom ash, and flue-gas desulfurization.
EPA/ January ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF WESTERN COAL SURFACE MINING Part III - The Water Quality of Trout Creek, Colorado by R. Skogerboe, C. Lavallee, M. Miller, and D. Dick Department of Chemistry Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Grant No.
R Project Officer Donald I. Mount Environmental. The negative effects of coal mining cannot be disputed: Destruction of Landscapes and Habitats: Strip mining also known as surface mining, involves the stripping away of earth and rocks to reach the coal underneath.
If a mountain happens to be standing in the way of a coal seam within, it will be blasted or levelled - effectively leaving a. The worsening energy shortage and the recent decline in coal mining productivity stimulated the Panel to consider all factors influencing coal mining activities so that it could make recommendations for improving the environmental acceptability of coal mining and the health and safety of miners while also increasing productivity and improving.
Western Surface Coal Mining Revised Final Report For U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Emission Factor and Inventory Group Research Triangle Park, NC Attn: Ron Myers (MD) EPA. Mining and burning coal for fuel is harmful to the environment; but, because coal is so abundant and cheap, many people are reluctant to give it up as a fuel source.
Coal starts as peat, or sections of partially decomposed organic matter that accumulate on the earth’s surface. Over millions of years, the peat is [ ]. Meticulously researched and highly readable, To Save the Land and People tells a story that needs to be heardEnvironmental History Montrie's study of the resistance by the farmers and people directly affected by surface strip mining is an important study for environmental by: The U.S.
Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.
Land disturbance because of coal mining is classified into two groups: (1) land disturbed by surface mining (strip-mining and open-pit mining) and (2) land disturbed by underground mining.
The changes in the environment effected by the coal industry are so profound that often no natural recovery of disturbed landscapes can occur. Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices.
Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of. Coal mining affects the environment in several ways: underground coal mining introduces toxins such as methane gas into waterways and the atmosphere, and surface coal mining contributes to deforestation and erosion.
Coal mining displaces large amounts of. Coal production. Appalachia is one of three coal-mining regions in the United States; the others are the Interior coal region, and the Western coal region, which includes the Powder River states lie in the Appalachian coal region: Alabama, eastern Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.
West Virginia is the largest coal. cerned with assessing the potential environmental effects of underground mining.
The major em phasis is on coal mining. The time to plan for subsidence impacts is well before mining begins, not after surface effects are noticed. Because subsidence due to underground mining may be inevitable, the relevant questionsCited by: Mining at Middelburg Colliery in the Witbank Coalfield commenced at the turn of the last century.
Initially, there was little environmental degradation associated with mining activities; however, in the late s, a pillar-robbing programme commenced. This has had a Cited by:.
Coal mining requires large areas of land to be temporarily disturbed. Steps are taken in modern mining operations to minimise impacts on all aspects of the environment. By carefully pre-planning projects, implementing pollution control measures, monitoring the effects of mining and rehabilitating mined areas, the coal industry minimises the.The devastating environmental impacts of mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia have long been well documented.
But over the last decade, Indiana University researcher Michael Hendryx has been examining another consequence of this form of coal surface mining that had previously been overlooked: the health impacts on the people in the surrounding communities.The controversy of the use of coal, due to its environmental effects, is being two types of coal mining are underground and surface mining.
Animal habitats and landscapes are scarred with coal mining. The clearing of the land for mining disturbs the natural animal Coal Burning and its Effects on the EnvironmentFile Size: KB.